Certificate in Animal Studies (self-designed)
For working better with pets, farm animals, or wildlife.
Study is easier with this course in many ways:
1. You can choose any combination of animal modules from a huge range on offer. This means you are able to study things that are relevant to what you are interested in, and create a very unique combination of modules in your course
2. You can commence study any time, vary hours of work from week to week and take as much time or little time as you want to finish your studies.
A self-designed certificate must contain SIX 100-hour modules.
You six modules from the 100 hour courses available, as long as the combination makes sense and is approved by one of the school's academic staff.
To enrol in a self-designed certificate, you must first determine at the subjects you will take.
This is usually done by contacting the school and discussing this with an academic staff member (by email, letter or phone). These may be farming, wildlife or pet care modules.
You can view many of these here (click).
You may even include one or two modules from outside of this topic list provided that they are relevant to the broad area of study, or can be readily justified as relevant to your particular situation.
Once your subjects have been determined and approved, you will be issued with a unique Course Code. Supply this code, the course title and the name of the tutor (or staff member) who approved the course when you enrol.
You may enrol via any of the following methods:
- Use the shopping trolley on this page to enroll
- Phone the school
- Submit an enrollment form by post or fax
- Use the Custom Payment section
BUT PLEASE REMEMBER YOU MUST DISCUSS YOUR COURSE CHOICES WITH A TUTOR BEFORE SUBMITTING YOUR ENROLLMENT. This is important as it ensures you are making the right choices to suit your requirements.
How Much Do You already Know and Understand about Animals?
To manage and care for animals of any type, you need to understand many different things about them; from their anatomy and physiology, to their psychology and the interactions that occur between animals and their environment (physical and biological).
Often people will commence a course such as this, with some significant knowledge in one or several of these things; but rarely with significant knowledge across all. To have a proper and balanced perspective, and underpin your capacity to manage animals, you need to have balanced knowledge across all of these areas.
How Do Animals Think?
Are animal actions all driven by instinct; or is there more to an animal than just that?
Animal cognition refers to as the study of the mental capacities in animals, including conditioning and learning competencies. Based on this, their capability and success in achieving goals would fit in with the term “intelligence”. Various experiments have been implemented to research and analyse the intelligence of animals.
It is important to be aware that just like humans, animals have variable attention spans. This knowledge is useful especially when trying to train animals. Under normal conditions the average dog has the attention span of around 15 minutes and much less in puppies and young dogs. During this time it is more open to learning and less resistant to control. Beyond this time a dog will get mentally tired and difficult to control. Dogs that are more experienced with training, and dogs with high drive for food and/or a toy will tend to have longer attention spans. However, factors such as hot weather or distracting environments can drastically reduce the amount of time a dog remains attentive.
Recent research has also shown that as well as humans and primates, some insects such as the dragonfly can demonstrate ‘selective attention’ to overcome distractions when hunting for food. Even though a moving swarm of other potential prey might be present, the dragonfly's brain filters these out and focuses on one selected victim. It is this that makes the dragonfly such an efficient predator.
The analysis of human memory is compared to animal memory by the same sets of stored information; whether its short term memory, long term memory or working memory, they all resemble the process from which the information is processed, saved and retrieved.
Some animals such as the squirrels and some birds (e.g. tits, jays) rely on spatial memory to remember specific locations of where they have stored their supplies (e.g. food) regardless of any environmental influences or changes.
Chimpanzees have excellent visual memory, remembering objects and where they’re placed after only a very brief overview.
Elephants have such an extraordinary memory that they are able to use their spatial abilities and track down up to 30 individuals from their family group that have spread out through the field.
Sea lions seem to have an interestingly exceptional long-term memory; this well-developed cognition helps in identifying their prey, which they may only get to see once every 2-3 years.
Scientist have come across the conclusion that spatial cognition can be gained or lost depending on the amount of challenges confronted on a daily basis. For example, Many domesticated dogs are said to have lost the ability to find their own sources of food or to find their way back home successfully compared to their wild family members (e.g. other canids such as wolves) because humans have retained the need for them to keep practising these natural traits by providing them food and shelter.
It is easy to find out how humans perceive sights and sounds as we can just ask them to describe it. This obviously is not as straight forward in animals. As was discussed earlier, it is known that animals may hear at different sound frequencies and see different colour spectrums. However, by close observation and experimental work, it has been possible to gain an understanding on how animals may perceive other stimuli. Animals have been seen to pick out key features in certain situations. For example, a male robin has been seen to fly down and attack a bunch of red feathers on a lawn, perceiving it to be another male. Dragonflies have also been known to lay eggs on the shiny metallic surface of a car, perceiving it to have the same appearance as water.
Reasoning and Insight
These terms have been used by scientists when animals have been observed solving problems very quickly which can not be attributed to ‘trial and error’. It has been suggested that the animal may be ‘thinking’ about the problem and trying ideas out in its brain before coming up with a solution. This has been demonstrated in trials with rats negotiating their way through quite complicated mazes. Many examples have also been described in primates who have been seen to come up with many quite ingenious solutions on ways to access food which has been placed out of reach. This may include joining sticks together or piling up boxes to stand on so that they could reach the food. Often they would arrive at these solutions quite suddenly, although they would have benefited from previous experience of playing with the boxes and sticks.
Another example of reasoning has been recorded in sheep dogs. If one ewe is split off from the rest of the flock, they can become very difficult to move and may even face up to the dog, stamping its hooves. In this situation, dogs have been seen to return to the main flock, separate off several other sheep and bring them back to the single ewe. The effectively made the difficult ewe feel as though she is once again part of a group and can be herded as usual.