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HOME FRUIT GROWING AHT104

Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment

Distance Learning Fruit Growing at Home Course

"Learn how to grow fresh fruits at home"

  • Study the principles and theory of growing fruit at home.
  • Learn from experts in the field – our tutors!
  • Study in your own home and at your own pace.

To pick and eat fruit from your own garden is a wonderful, healthy and satisfying experience.  This course aims to expand your capacity to do just that.

Courses can be started anytime from anywhere in the world!

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Learn how to grow fresh fruits at home!

Grow an abundance of fresh fruit, berries and nuts, efficiently and economically. Preserve your harvest and trade or give away excess surplus produce to your friends and neighbours.

Learn how to raise soil fertility, choose the best fruits for your situation, and grow them in a way which controls pests and diseases without using dangerous chemicals.

Both cool and warm climate fruits are covered, and throughout the course you are given the option to concentrate your study on the types of fruits which are of most interest to you.

 

COURSE STRUCTURE

The course is divided into six lessons as follows

1.  Introduction

2.  Soils, site preparation & planning.

3.  General Cultural Practices

4.  Tree Fruits

5.  Nuts and Vines

6.  Berries

 

WHAT YOU WILL DO IN THIS COURSE

  • Contact Department of Agriculture in your state, to obtain all of the information you can within reason (e.g. leaflets, booklets, details about advisory services etc) which relate to fruit growing.
  • Select part of a home garden where the owner would like to grow fruit.  Consider the good and bad points about the site and the suitability of different types of fruits to the situation.
  • Take a sample of soil from an area you might consider growing fruit in.  Using the method set out in the gardening manual provided with the course, name the soil.
  • Look at the buds on the wood of three different species of fruit.  Draw what you see, and label where you think the buds are fruit buds, and where you think they are vegetative buds.
  • Observe the way in which fruit trees are trained or pruned in your locality.
  • Visit a local hardware store, nursery or irrigation shop and look at drip and micro irrigation equipment which is for sale.  Take note of the various components of these systems, how they fit together and how they work.
  • Identify pests and diseases in a garden which you have visited.
  • Select 4 different fruits from those you have read about which are grown in your area.  For each one, research which varieties of that fruit are commonly grown, and why they are grown.
  • Plan the development of a berry growing area for a backyard.  Contact companies, visit nurseries and check the availability, quality and prices of berry plants you would like to grow on your site (or proposed site). Work with an imaginary site if you do not have a real life situation to deal with.  

GROW FRUIT AT HOME FOR YEAR ROUND CONSUMPTION

There is nothing like fruit from your own garden. It’s quality and nutrition is generally better than fruit that you buy because it’s fresh (the food value can deteriorate as the fruit ages), and you can be certain about what chemicals it has, or has not been, exposed to. Apart from this, growing your own fruit is a lot of fun.

The trouble is, even just one mature fruit tree tends to give you so much fruit all at once that it’s difficult to know what to do with it. You can, of course, give some to friends, family and neighbours, and if you get organised, you might be able to swap. For example, you might grow the apples for the neighbourhood, and your neighbour grows the pears. Think about it: If everyone in your street put in a different fruit tree and shared the fruit around, you could all have fresh fruit for months on end!

Another alternative is to make your backyard hobby into a financial gain. Why not sell excess fruit at the local markets or at street stalls?

Our gardens tend to have an excess of fruit during late summer and autumn. At this time of year, nectarines, peaches, plums, grapes, apples and pears are often available in glut quantities.

There are, however, other ways of dealing with an excess of fruit, and turning it into something that you can use all year round. Bottling your excess fruit into jams, pickles, chutneys, sauces are just a few options.  

BOTTLING

Preserves will normally keep for a minimum of 12 months at room temperature in a pantry. Containers must be sterilised before use to prevent contamination by bacteria and other micro-organisms.

How to sterilise jars or bottles:

  1. Wash thoroughly in hot water, invert and drain.
  2. Just before filling, place in a 40oC oven to warm up for 20-30 minutes.
  3. Remove and immediately fill with the preserve (while the jar is still hot). You should not put a hot preserve in a cold jar or a cold preserve in a hot jar.
  4. Tightly seal jar. Always use fresh rubber seals or new stainless steel lids. Spring clipped glass lid jars are very effective for home bottlers.
  5. For a finishing touch when the jar is cooled, you can turn the jar upside down and quickly dip it into melted wax. Stand jar upright and allow wax to set. Alternatively tie a coloured cheese cloth or coloured cloth around the lid.

 

MAKING JAM

A good jam should have the following characteristics:

  • Be clear
  • Retain the flavour of the fruit used
  • Not be too sticky when scooped out of a jar with a spoon (it should slide off the spoon cleanly)
  • Have a sparkling appearance
  • Be solid, not runny

All jam making follows much the same procedure:

  1. Prepare the fruit (cleaning, hulling, removing stones, etc) and place it into a large pan.
  2. Add water if needed, and simmer the fruit gently until it is soft. Sometimes water is not needed but a little lemon juice will help the jam to set.
  3. Add the required amount of sugar (too taste), and stir over a low heat until the sugar has dissolved. Do not let the jam boil before the sugar dissolves, as this will cause crystalisation.
  4. Now allow the jam to boil rapidly, without stirring, until setting point is reached. This could take from 5 to 30 minutes depending on the fruit and the type of pan used.
  5. Allow the jam to cool for 5 to 15 minutes and stir it before placing into sterilised jars.
  6. Testing the fruit

Test any fruit you plan to use before making a batch of jam:

  • Boil a sample of fruit in a little water until it is mushy.
  • Add 1 teaspoon of the liquid into a glass jar and let it cool.
  • When cool, add 2 teaspoons of methylated spirits and let it stand for 1 minute.
  • If one or several large clots of jelly form, you should add 1 cup of sugar to every 1 cup of boiled-up fruit puree.
  • If only flakes of jam appear you should use only 3/4 cups of sugar per cup of liquid.
  • If there are few or broken flakes of jam, then the fruit does not contain sufficient pectin to set into a jam.
  • Approximately 1 teaspoon of strained lemon juice can be added to every 1 kg of fruit to improve setting if pectin levels are insufficient.

 

 

 

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Meet some of our academics

Maggi BrownMaggi is regarded as an expert in organic growing throughout the UK, having worked for two decades as Education Officer at the world renowned Henry Doubleday Research Association. She has been active in education, environmental management and horticulture across the UK for more than three decades. Some of Maggi's qualifications include RHS Cert. Hort. Cert. Ed. Member RHS Life Member Garden Organic (HDRA) .
Diana Cole (Horticulturist)Horticulturist, Permaculturist, Landscaper, Environmentalist. Holds a Diploma in Horticulture, degree in geography, permaculture certificate and various other qualifications. Between 1985 and 94, Diana was a task leader with the British Trust for Conservation Volunteers. Since 2001 she has been chairperson of the Friends of Mellor Park (with Stockport MDC). From 2005 she has worked exclusively in horticulture as proprietor of her own garden design and consultancy business in and around Derbyshire; and at the same time as part time manager of a small garden centre. Diana has been an enthusiastic and very knowledgeable tutor with ACS since 2008.
Yvonne Sharpe (Horticulturist)Started gardening in 1966, studied a series of horticulture qualifications throughout the 1980's and 90's, culminating in an RHS Master of Horticulture. Between 89 and 1994, she worked teaching in horticultural therapy. Founded the West Herts Garden Association in 1990 and exhibited at Chelsea Flower Show in 1991. In 1994, Yvonne joined the staff at Oaklands College, and between 1996 and 2000 was coordinator for all Amenity Horticulture courses at that college. Since leaving Oakland she has been active as a horticultural consultant, retail garden centre proprietor and sessional lecturer (across many colleges in southern England). In 2000, she also completed a Diploma in Management.
Gavin Cole (Horticulturist)Landscaper, Horticulturist, Psychologist, Builder, Garden Writer. Studied construction and surveying at Bristol Polytec, B.Sc. at University of Northumbria (1988) and Psychology in Australia. He completed a Cert.Garden Design in 95. In the mid 1990's he worked as Landscape Manager and Garden Designer for the Chelsea Gardener in London and in 97 commenced his own business as a garden designer; operating at first in London, then in Australia. He has worked for ACS as a tutor, course counsellor and writer since 2001, alongside his own freelance work as a horticultural consultant and writer. Gavin has co authored many books and written hundreds of articles published in gardening magazines including Home Grown, Your Backyard and Garden Guide.


Check out our eBooks

Organic GardeningFor decades farmers have relied upon chemicals to control pests and diseases in order to produce saleable crops. In the ornamental, vegetable and fruit gardens reliance on chemical controls has also been the mainstay for many gardeners.
HerbsLearn to identify and grow dozens of commonly grown herbs. Explore how to use them. Herbs have a rich history dating back centuries. Used by monks, apothecaries and ‘witches’ in the past, herbs are undergoing a revival in interest. They are easy to grow, scented, culinary and medicinal plants. In a formal herb garden or peppered throughout the garden, herbs rarely fail! Find out how they are used as medicines, for cooking, perfumes and more.
Fruit, Vegetables and HerbsThe Fruit, Vegetables and Herbs ebook is ideal for students, professionals and home gardening enthusiasts alike. Fruit, Vegetable and Herbs provides an overview in techniques to produce food in the garden. Topics covered within this course include 1/ Food from the garden, 2/ Deciding what to grow, 3/ Successful growing, 4/ Fruits, 4-1/ Deciduous fruit trees, 4-2/ Citrus fruits, 4-3/ Tropical fruits, 4-4/ Berries, 4-5/ Nuts, 4-6/ Vine crops, 4-7/ Using produce, 5/ Vegetables, 6/ Mushrooms, 7/ Special growing techniques
Plant Pests & DiseasesAre you one of those people that kill every plant you touch? Perhaps it's not you. Perhaps it's a pest or disease. A little bit of reading might just turn your garden into an oasis. Learn how to identify pests and diseases and bring the spring back into your plant...visit the bookshop to find out more...