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CLIMATE SCIENCE BSC208

Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment
Understanding the Climate allows us to grow better crops and gardens, manage natural areas more effectively; predict likely weather events, and much more. This course provides a foundation for all of these things, and as such is an important area of study for people working in many different disciplines; from environmental management and farming to land management and meteorology.

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Study Climate Science at Home

 
Understanding the Climate allows us to grow better crops and gardens, manage natural areas more effectively; predict likely weather events, and much more.
 
This course provides a foundation for all of these things, and as such is an important area of study for people working in many different disciplines; from environmental management and farming to land management and meteorology.
 
 
Course Duration - 100 hours
 
 
Course Content:
There are 8 lessons in this course: 
  1. Nature & Scope of Climatology 
  2. Weather Science Foundations 
  3. Circulation Patterns 
  4. Climate Classifications & Patterns 
  5. Atmospheric Dynamics 
  6. Climate Changes 
  7. Applications of Climate Science 
  8. Climatology Problem Based Learning Project
 
 
Do You Understand Temperature?
 
Temperature is among one of the most important terms used when it comes to studying the atmosphere, its processes and the effects within and among its surrounding systems. This term simply means the numerical measurement (in ‘degrees’) of hot or cold absorbed and radiated by any substance or point. This measurement varies from place to place and time to time.
 
There are different ways of measuring temperature, but they are all denoted by temperature scales such as degrees Celsius (°C), degrees Fahrenheit (°F) and/or Kelvin (K), among the most widely and currently used. Some of the other types of temperature scales include Rankine, Delisle, Newton, Reaumur, Planck and Romer, among others, but some of these are outdated.
 
The temperature of a specific point on the surface of the earth will vary depending on factors such as:
 
• The distance from the sun
• Day and night length
• Density of clouds or air pollution
• Distance from the sea and how far above it is from sea level
• Physical features - type of surface, shape, aspect, etc.
• Presence or absence of winds
 
For example, the temperature of the air will vary depending on the season, night or day. Also, some elements will have more radiation absorbed or released depending on their density and colour.
 
 
 
Do You Understand Rainfall?
 
Water is an odourless, colourless substance made of atoms of hydrogen and oxygen that, bound together, make up molecules of H2O. These molecules move around and rearrange themselves depending on the temperature they are exposed to, forming one of the three main states listed below:
- SOLID - Ice
- LIQUID – Water
- GAS – Water vapour
 
No matter which states these molecules are found, they are constantly moving or vibrating. Molecules of ice are the ones most tightly bound together. When temperature rises, these molecules absorb heat and begin to separate (melting process begins), resulting in a liquid state.
 
If temperature keeps rising, the water molecules go through faster more vigorous movements, creating a wider space between molecules (evaporation), until the bonds have completely broken and the molecules can move around freely, resulting in a gaseous state (if the liquid is pure and at standard atmospheric pressure (1atm), then ‘boiling point’ should occur at 100oC and over). Some of the water molecules, such as those that have absorbed higher temperatures, are able to escape the surface.
 
Conversely, just as molecules absorb heat, they are also able to release it and form one of three states. The process from gas to liquid releases the same amount of energy (calories) as to when it is being absorbed, but going through a process of condensation as opposed to evaporation. During condensation, the molecules experience a type of ‘compression’ due to the cooling down occurrence caused from the energy that is being released.
 
This can relate to the formation of cloud droplets when there is enough moisture in the air; if the amount of moisture is too high, then storm clouds may begin to form. This same way, when the molecules are in a liquid state and the temperature decreases, the molecules release energy (cool down) and the process of freezing begins. During this transition phase, the molecules will continue to ‘crystallise’ (solidify) until ice is formed (if the liquid is pure and at standard atmospheric pressure (1atm), then ‘freezing point’ should occur at 0oC and below).
 
 

 

 

 

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Meet some of our academics

Bob James (Environmental)Bob has a unique set of qualifications and experience having worked in applied biological and environmental sciences for more than 50 years. He holds a string of tertiary qualifications in animal, plant and environmental sciences; including a Masters Degree in Environmental Science. He has worked as a tutor with ACS since 1995. Bob has worked as a teacher, research scientist and consultant for both government and private enterprise undertaking jobs ranging from environmental surveys to waste disposal.
Dr Robert BrowneEnvironmental Consultant, Zoologist, Author, Sustainability expert, Teacher. Robert’s science employment has included consultancy with biotechnology corporations and in response to the global biodiversity conservation crisis, and has focused on amphibian conservation and sustainability.
Barbara Seguel B.Sc. M.Sc.Agricultural science graduate, biologist, marine scientist, aquaculturist and educator. Barbara has worked on farms, in ecotourism, education and publishing. She is widely travelled, having been educated in both California and Chile; and having worked in Hawaii, Mexico, Chile, New Zealand, and Australia.


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Landscaping with Australian PlantsThink outside the box when designing your garden- have you considered using Australian Native plants? Add a different dimension to your garden using these beautiful and practical plants. Ideal for landscape gardeners, students and gardening enthusiasts, this ebook is a great read with stunning colour pictures.
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