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PHYSICS II (APPLIED) BSC210

Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment

Learning physics is a quest to reveal the secrets of the universe. It explains the behaviours of the universe. In this course, you will learn electricity, power generation, relativity, imaging and much more. This is a excellent extension for those who have foundation knowledge of physics and want to pursue this direction of study further. 

Studying physics opens opportunities in public and private sectors, education, and research. It is essential to understand the principles of physics for those who wish to be an astrophysicist, entrepreneur, nanotechnologist, materials scientist, science teacher, data scientist, medical physicist, or research scholar in science.

The lesson aims are:

Explain how electricity works, and how it relates to electromagnetic induction.

Explain different types of power generation.

Explain some of the advantages and disadvantages or certain types of power generation.

Explain the general principles of circular motion.

Explain the general principle of gravity and how it applies to satellites.

Explain the major principles of rotational motion.

Explain the relationship between rotational motion and power.

Define a fluid in physics terms.

Explain how fluids move and some of their applications in everyday life.

Explain the general principles of relativity and when they are used.

Explain how light moves and creates images people can see.

Explain some common medical imaging techniques and how they use light and sound to create images.

Explain how light moves through a fibre optic cable and factors that affect it.

Explain practical applications for fibre optics.

Explain practical applications for physics in the construction industry.

 

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This is a 10 lesson course, each requiring approximately 10 hours of work including reading, additional research, completing self-assessment tests, task activities and assignments. 

The assignments, which are submitted to a tutor for marking at the end of lesson, are an opportunity to dialogue with your own allocated tutor. Extend the learning experience and connect with an industry professional. 

 

Lesson 1: Electromagnetic Induction

Introduction to Electricity

Rules of charge

Coulomb’s law

Magnetism

Electromagnetism

Electromagnetic induction

Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction

Lenz’s law

Fleming’s Rules

Eddy currents

Transformers

Generators

Motors

Lesson 2: Power Generation and Transmission

Primary sources of electrical energy

Energy from the water head

Energy from burning fuels

Nuclear energy

Wind energy

Solar energy

Types of power plants

Hydroelectric power plants

Thermal power plants

Nuclear power plants

Wind power plants

Lesson 3: Circular Motion and Gravitation

Lesson introduction

Review of circles – radius, diameter, tangent, arc, circumference

Important equations for working with circles

Circular motion

Uniform circular motion

Time, frequency, position, speed, tangential velocity, centripetal force

Centripetal acceleration

Newton’s law of gravitation

Satellites and Kepler’s Laws

Lesson 4: Engineering Physics – Rigid Bodies and Rotational Dynamics

Rotational Motion

Degrees and Radians

Angular Position

Angular Displacement

Angular Velocity

Angular Velocity & Linear Velocity

Angular Acceleration

Kinematic Equations (Angular Acceleration)

Torque

Moment of Inertia

Angular Momentum

Kinetic Energy of Rotation

Rotational Energy, Work and Power

Lesson 5: Engineering Physics - Fluids and fluid dynamics

Fluid and dynamics introduction

Definitions and Properties

Density

Pressure

Flow

Steady and Unsteady Flow

Laminar Flow and Turbulent Flow

Open Flow

Open-channel flow

Compressible and Incompressible Flow

Forces on Fluids

Pressure and Atmospheric Pressure

Water Pressure

Pressure Difference

Buoyant Forces

Pascal’s Law

Principles of Fluid Dynamics

The Equation of Continuity

Flow Rate and Its Relation to Velocity

Archimedes’ Principle

Bernoulli’s Theorem

Viscosity

Turbulence

Lesson 6: Relativity

The Principle of Relativity

Special Relativity

Space-time

Universal Speed Limit

Relativistic Mass

Time Dilation

Length Contraction

Doppler Effect on Wavelength

Applications

Lesson 7: Introduction to Imaging

Electromagnetic Radiation

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Comparison of EM Waves

Relationship Between Frequency and Wavelength

Relationship Between Frequency and Energy

Visible Light

The Wave Nature of Light

Properties of Light

Speed of Light

Reflection of Light

Refraction of Light

Snell’s Law

Diffraction of Light and Interference

Dispersion

Optional Image Formation

Lens Types

Lesson 8: Imaging Instrumentation and Medical imaging

Types of Medical Imaging

Radiography

Computerised Tomography

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Ultrasound Imaging

Electron Microscopy

TEM

SEM

Nuclear Medicine

Positron emission Tomography

Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography

Bone Scan

Photoacoustic Imaging

Medical Imaging Instruments

CT, PET and MRI Scanners

Ultrasound Machine

Advantages and Disadvantages of Medical Imaging

Lesson 9: Fibre Optics

Introduction

Definitions

Construction of Optical Fibre Cable

Advantages and Disadvantages Fibre Optics

Fibre Characteristics

Mechanical Characteristics

Transmission Characteristics

Different Types of Fibres and Their Properties

Single and Multimode Fibres

Step Index and Graded Index Fibres

Principles of Light Propagation Through a Fibre

Refractive Index

Total Internal Reflection

Numerical Aperture

Acceptance Angle

Skew Mode

Applications of Fibre Optics

Lesson 10: Engineering Physics in Construction

Introduction to physics in construction

Surveying

Building Roads and Paths

Constructing Buildings

Basic Principles in Building Engineering Physics

Acoustics

Air Movement

Building Services

Climate

Construction Technology

Control of Moisture

Lighting

Thermal Performance

Properties of Common Materials

Definitions

Simple and Damped Harmonic Motion

Forced Oscillations

Vibrations inside built structures

Vibrations from outside built structures

Resonant Response and Damping

 

The tasks and activities include:

Demonstrate moving electrons from one material to another via static electricity.

Research videos on electromagnetic induction online to “see” the relationship between electricity and magnetism for yourself.

Using the diagrams in this course as a guide, find an old piece of equipment that you can pull apart and identify the motor and its component parts. 

Talk to a person about the energy sources they utilise.

Search online and watch videos of the inner workings of a power plant.

Try to test out tangential velocity for yourself. Start with a small stone, marble, or key.

Search online for videos of car racing and think about the forces in play. Draw a diagram showing the different forces acting on the car.

Find the measurement of a radian yourself.

Search online for videos of ice skaters performing spins, pay attention to the velocity – remember, the speed and direction – in how they start their spins.

Try to make a laminar flow with the balloon experiment.

Search for videos online on the physics of aeroplanes and air flow, look at the way the air moves and the factors affecting the wings and keeping the plane in the air.

Experiment with your own personal frames of reference.

Look at your own, or a friend’s, glasses. Consider questions outlined and take notes.

Search for funhouse optical illusion videos online and pay attention to the shape of the mirrors in the video and think about how they affect the images shown.

Think about a time you or a friend may have had a medical scan and talk with others on experiences with medical imaging. Ask them questions about it and make notes.

Select one of the medical imaging types and understand how the imaging type was developed, when, and what it is commonly used for.

Explore your house, school, or other accessible place for fibre optic cables. Note down your findings with a pen and paper.

Search online for the applications of fibre optics in your area. Take notes on your findings.

 

What to do now! 

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Talk with peers and colleagues to understand how applied physics can take you forward and increase the opportunities for you. 

 

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