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Duration (approx) 100 hours
Qualification Statement of Attainment

Physiology II Home Study Course Distance Learning

  • learn more about human physiological systems
  • develop knowledge of physiological principles
  • examine functions of cells, tissues and body systems.
  • learn how bodies maintain internal equilibrium and health while exposed to variable conditions, such as physical, psychological and environmental factors.
  • work in health therapy, health care, fitness, nutrition and education

    Prerequisite: Human Anatomy and Physiology BSC101 or equivalent - contact our school if you need more information on course prerequisites

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Human Physiology - Distance Education course

  • study physiology by distance learning
  • anyone can learn about human body processes and health maintenance
  • study at your pace to suit your lifestyle
  • feel supported throughout your learning  


There are 9 lessons in this module as follows:

1. Cellular Physiology

  • Menbrane transport
  • Simple passive transport
  • Facilitated passive transport
  • Active transport
  • Transcription, translation and post transcriptional modification
  • Cellular metabolism
  • Cellular energy production
  • Homeostasis
  • Homeostatic balance
  • Feedback system
  • Body temperature
  • Effect of temperature on enzymes
  • Adenosine triphosphate
  • Glycolysis

2. Histophysiology

  • Physiology of tissue
  • Epithelial tissue
  • Connective tissue
  • Dense connective tissue
  • Cartlidge
  • Bone tissue
  • Bone physiology
  • Compact bone
  • Spongy bone
  • Muscle tissue
  • Muscle fibre: filament types
  • Nervous tissue

3. Systems Physiology

  • Central and peripheral nervous systems
  • Somatic and autonomic nervous systems
  • Sensory, motor and integrated systems
  • General senses
  • The process of sensation
  • Special senses
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Autonomic reflexes
  • Parasympathetic nervous system
  • Sympathetic nervous system

4. Neurophysiology

  • Structure of the nervous system
  • Parts of a neuron
  • Classification of different neurons
  • Neuron function
  • Action potentials
  • Graded potentials
  • Synapses: electrical, chemical
  • Neurotransmitters
  • Neural circuits
  • Different functions of the brain
  • Homeostatic reflex arc
  • Spinal chord and spinal nerves

5. Endocrinology

  • Functions of endocrine system
  • Actions of hormones
  • Hormone target cells
  • Anterior pituitary gland hormones
  • Actions of posterior pituitary
  • Actions of adrenal gland: cortex and medula
  • Pancreatic hormones
  • Thyroid gland
  • Parathyroid
  • Adrenal glands
  • Pancreas
  • Hormone receptors

6. Cardiovascular Physiology

  • Heart function
  • Cardiac cycle
  • Heart muscle cell contraction
  • Blood vessels
  • Blood: regulation, erthrocyte physiology, leucocytes
  • Hemostasis
  • Lymphatic system
  • Blood flow
  • Gas transport
  • Arterial alveolar gradient
  • Oxygen transport
  • Factors affecting oxygen release by haemoglobin

7. Immunology

  • Immune system structure
  • Lymphatic organs and tissues
  • Types of resistance
  • Non specific cellular and chemical defences: phagocytes, natural killer cells
  • The inflammatory response
  • Specific defence mechanisms
  • Humoral immunity
  • Antibodies
  • Antigens

8. Respiratory Physiology

  • Respiratory epithelium
  • The lungs
  • Airway anatomy
  • Alveoli
  • Nasal and oral cavities
  • Larynx, trachea, bronchial tree
  • Function of respiratory system
  • Pulmonary ventilation
  • Lung volumes and capacity

9. Renal Physiology

  • Urinary system
  • Blood and nerve supply
  • Nephrons
  • Kidney functions
  • Remal processes
  • Glomerular filtration
  • Electrolyte and Acid base balance
  • Tubular reabsorption
  • Tubular secretion
  • Ureters
  • Urinary bladder
  • Urethra
  • Micturition process

Cell Physiology – Study of the functions of cells

  • Chemical reactions
  • Homeostasis, feedback systems, homeostatic imbalances
  • Cellular Metabolism
  • Membrane Transport

Histophysiology – Study of the functions of tissues

  • Muscle filaments and fibres
  • Bone Ossification and Growth
  • Varieties of Dense Connective Tissue
  • Functions of Epithelial Tissue

Systems Physiology - Study of the significant systems and functions of organs

  • Autonomic Nervous System
  • Dual Innervation and neurotransmitters
  • Actions of the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic Nervous System
  • Peripheral Nervous System
  • General senses and their integrative function
  • Study of the sensory modalities - smell, taste, vision, hearing and equilibrium

Neurophysiology – Study of the functional characteristics of nerve cells

  • Structure of the Nervous System
  • Myelination
  • Resting membrane potentions, ion channels, repolarization
  • Classification of different neurons
  • Grey/White matter
  • Reflexes, reflex arcs and homeostasis
  • Action potentials and synapses
  • Functions of the cerebral cortex

Endocrinology – Study of hormones and how they control body functions

  • Principle functions of the endocrine system
  • Physiology of hormones
  • Actions of the Anterior and Posterior Pituitary Glands
  • Hormone receptors
  • Mechanisms of homeostatic action

Cardiovascular Physiology – Study of the heart and blood vessels

  • The Cardiac Cycle
  • Heart-Muscle cell contraction
  • Hemodynamics of blood - volume, BP, capillary exchange
  • The Arterial-Alveolar Gradient
  • Cardiac Output
  • Oxygen Transport

Immunology – Study of the body defence mechanisms

  • Non specific cellular and Chemical Defences
  • Functions of White Blood Cells
  • The Inflammatory Response
  • The Physiology of Fever
  • Specific Defence Mechanisms
  • Immunity and Antibodies

Respiratory Physiology – Study the functions of the air passageways and lungs

  • Pulmonary Ventilation - pulmonary capacity
  • Gas Exchange
  • Lung Volumes and Capacity
  • The Respiratory Epithelium

Renal Physiology – Study of the function of the kidneys

  • Structure and Functions of the kidneys
  • Nephrons
  • Glomerular Filtration
  • Renal control of Electrolytes and Acid Base Balance
  • Active and Passive Tubular Reabsorption
  • Tubular Secretion
  • The process of Micturition






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